Learning disabilities”, or “learning difficulties“, is an umbrella term for a wide variety of learning problems. A learning disability is not a problem with intelligence or motivation. Kids with learning disabilities aren’t lazy or dumb. In fact, most are just as smart as everyone else. Their brains are simply wired differently. This difference affects how they receive and process information.
Simply put, children and adults with learning disabilities see, hear, and understand things differently. This can lead to trouble with learning new information and skills, and putting them to use. The most common types of learning disabilities involve problems with reading, writing, math, reasoning, listening, and speaking.
Types of Learning Difficulties
- Dyslexia is trouble with letter recognition, shape and direction, spelling and reading.
- Dyscalculia is trouble with numbers, concepts of size and shape, calculations and sequencing.
- Dysgraphia is trouble with writing, organizing letters, numbers and words on a line.
- Dyspraxia is trouble with movement, or movement of the muscles which produce speech (Verbal Dyspraxia)
Other disorders that may lead to learning disabilities are: