Migraine headaches are a type of headache that are due to an increased supply of blood to the scalp arteries. There is some conflicting theories as to whether migraines are vascular or neurological in nature. Some of the brain patterns in migraine headaches are similar to those seen in seizure patterns causing some scientists to consider them as a slow form of seizure. They can be accompanied by nausea and vomiting, aura (visual disturbance preceding the event), or related to certain food intakes.
Tension headaches are different from migraine headaches in that the tension headaches occur from muscle contractions in either the head, neck or facial muscles. The pain from a tension headache can be persistent; however, it usually dull and persistent head pain. These headaches can be the result of physical or emotional stress.
Can Neurofeedback help Migraines?
Because of the hyper-excitability of the central nervous system with migraines, neurofeedback can help to reduce the severity and frequency of migraines. Research has shown that approximately 70 percent of the people treated with neurofeedback experience at least a 50% reduction in the frequency of their migraines.
Both tension headaches and migraines are helped with neurofeedback where the stress response in the individual is
lessened by a combination of neurofeedback to centrally normalize the brain wave functioning, peripheral biofeedback to
continue a daily practice, and calming strategies learned and practiced by the individual.
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