Though a number of treatments have been proposed to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), little can be found in literature to improve the performance of the mechanisms behind attention, inhibitory control, cognitive flexibility and working memory in these children. To this end, this study focused at ascertaining improvement in the aforementioned executive functions in an ADHD pupil following neurofeedback training. The population for this study comprises of all primary school pupils in Lagos state diagnosed with ADHD. The subject for the study was a previously diagnosed 10 year old ADHD boy. Assessment was done using the Thought Technology equipment and Test of Variables of Attention (T.O.V.A.). The subject participated in twice weekly intensive neurofeedback training for 6 months. Feedback presentations were contingent on the production of Beta (16-20 Hz) and the inhibition of Theta activity (4-8Hz). Results from the study revealed that the subject based on operant conditioning was able to decrease theta activity successfully in the prefrontal (PF) and frontal (F) aspects of the brain and as such there was a noticeable improvement in T.O.V.A. performanc and Attention Deficit Disorder Evaluation Scale (ADDES). It was therefore concluded that EEG Biofeedback may improve executive functions in ADHD. Findings further suggest that EGG Biofeedback may be explored as an alternative treatment to ADHD among children. There may be a need to replicate this study in future.
Keywords: EEG Biofeedback, ADHD, Neurofeedback, Test of Attention of Variables, Memory